Stenotype is called a stenotype machine, shorthand machine, steno writer, stenographer, or stenotype keyboard with a specialized chorded keyboard. A typewriter, used by shorthand writers. like for example, a journalist typing soon a speech. He needs accuracy and speed while typing. He can’t have the politician repeat his words again and again. They have a specific set of letters from the above set which have a specific meaning. They type that. A trained court reporter or closed captioner must write speeds of approximately 180,200 and 225 words per minute(wpm) at very high accuracy in the categories of the literary, jury charge, and testimony, respectively. Some stenographers can reach 300 words per minute.
The stenotype keyboard has 22 modified keys far fewer keys than a conventional alphanumeric keyboard. Multiple keys are pressed simultaneously to spell out the whole syllabus, words, and phrases with a single hand motion.
In modern steno machine, it content consonant keys on both hand side and four vowels below these keys: “A”, “O”, “E”, “U”.
This system makes real-time transcription practical for court reporting and lives closed captioning. Because the keyboard does not contain all the letters of the English alphabet, letter combinations are substituted for the missing letters.
There are several schools of thought on how to record various sounds, such as the StenEd, Phoenix, and Magnum Steno theories.
The first shorthand machine punched a paper strip and was built in 1830 by Karl Drais, a German inventor, The first machine was made in 1863 by the Italian Antonio Michela Zucco and was in actual use since 1880 in the Italian Senate. In New York City on December 24th, 1875, John Celivergos Zachos invented a stenotype and filed patent number 175892 for typewriters and phenotypic notation applications.
Most Morden stenotype keyboards have more in common with computers than they do with typewriters or QWERTY computer keyboards. Most contain microprocessors, and many allow sensitivity adjustments for each individual key. They translate stenotype to the target language internally using user-specific dictionaries, and most have small display screens.